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Consciousness by Mind Map: Consciousness

1. More dreams

2. What is Consciousness

2.1. Our subjective experience of the world, our bodies, and our mental perspectives

3. Self-Awareness

3.1. Emotional Intelligence makes us great social creatures

3.2. Can bargain with time (sacrifice now and have a better life later)

3.3. Consciousness causes awareness of existence and mortality

3.4. Artificial Intelligence does not know how to replicate self-awareness

3.5. Theory of Mind is understanding your own and others' thoughts and feelings

4. 4 States of Consciousness

4.1. Awake and alert: beta waves (15-30 Hz)

4.2. Daydreaming, calm, and meditation: alpha waves (9-14 Hz)

4.3. Drowsiness and deep relaxation: theta waves (4-8 Hz)

4.4. Deep dreamless sleeping: delta waves (1-3 Hz)

5. Biology of Sleep

5.1. Circadian rhythm is the cyclical biological changes that happen approximately on a 24-hour basis

5.2. There are changes in hormone release, brain waves, drowsiness, and body temperature

5.3. Melatonin triggers sleep

5.4. Sleep is important for your health, consolidating memories and immune system functioning

6. How Much Sleep?

6.1. Everyone needs 7-10 hours of sleep daily

6.2. If you have a gene mutation called DEC2, then you only need 6 hours

6.3. University and college students need 9 hours of sleep

6.4. Newborns need 16 hours of sleep

7. 5 Stages of Sleeping

7.1. Stage 1 (NREM): Light sleeping, hallucinations, and theta waves

7.2. Stage 2 (NREM): Harder to wake up, sleep spindles and K-Complexes

7.3. Stage 3 and 4 (NREM): Deep sleep, sleep walking and delta waves

7.4. Stage 5 (REM): Pardoxical sleep and dreaming

8. NREM Dreams

8.1. Shorter

8.2. Thought-like

8.3. Repetitive

8.4. Daily/mundane tasks

9. REM Dreams

9.1. Emotional, illogical and nonsensible

9.2. Plot shifts

9.3. Biological crucial

10. Dream Theories

10.1. Psychoanalytical View

10.1.1. Our dreams are symbolic of our unconscious deepest desires

10.2. Cognitive View

10.2.1. There is no hidden meanings in our dreams, it is just a continuation of waking cognitive processes

10.3. Activation Synthesis Theory

10.3.1. Dreams are the brain's attempt to make sense of random neural signals during REM

10.4. Evolutionary View

10.4.1. Dreams allow a person to rehearse situations, so they can deal with it better in real life

11. Things to do to Beat Insomnia

11.1. Hide clocks

11.2. Sleep in a cool room

11.3. Have a regular sleep schedule

12. Things not to do to Beat Insomnia

12.1. Do not drink caffeine

12.2. Do not take naps in the middle of the day

12.3. Do not read in bed

12.4. Do not watch TV or use your laptop before sleeping

13. Altered States of Consciousness

13.1. Drugs and Hallucinations

13.2. Meditation

13.3. Out-of-body and near-death experiences

13.4. Neurological and psychological disorders

14. Drugs

14.1. Anti-psychotics

14.2. Stimulants

14.3. Depressants

14.4. Hallucinogens

15. Alcohol

15.1. Most used and abused drug

15.2. Is a depressant

15.3. Drinking comes from genetic and environmental factors

15.4. It decreases the release of GABA

15.5. If taken in high doses, it can induce sleep or cause death

16. Cocaine

16.1. A psycho-stimulant

16.2. Increases alertness, decreases fatigue and stimulates sexual arousal

16.3. Blocks dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake channels

16.4. Highly addictive as you build a tolerance

16.5. Tolerance

16.5.1. Progessive insensitivity to repeated use and dosage of the same drug

17. Our bodies rotate through these five stages; however, everyone requires a different amount of sleep

18. While we sleep, we have many dreams; however, there are lots of different theories for why we dream

19. There may be many different theories as to why we dream, but we only experience two different types of dreams

20. Even though, everyone requires a certain amount of hours of sleep daily, there are some people who have a hard sleeping entirely; however, there are things one can do to help them sleep

21. It is good for people who have insomnia to know what to do to beat it; however, they are things one must also avoid doing too

22. Different conscious states can be induced by drugs, alcohol and cocaine

23. Being conscious helps us be aware of ourselves and others

24. When we are awake we are conscious; however, when we sleep we are not

25. There are 4 conscious states that we experience on a day-to-day basis

26. These conscious states can be altered and affect people mentally and physically

27. Our sleep cycle rotates through five stages, each which last almost 90 minutes