The Brain and Cognitive development

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The Brain and Cognitive development by Mind Map: The Brain and Cognitive development

1. Brain, Structure, Cognition, and Emotion

1.1. Charles Nelson

1.2. Laurence Steinberg

1.3. Jay Giedd

1.4. Elizabeth Sowell

2. Cognitive Process

2.1. Jean Piaget

2.1.1. 4 Stages of COgnitive Development

2.2. Neo-Piagetians

2.2.1. Robbie Case

2.2.1.1. Information Process = Brain growth + Memeory development

2.3. Reflective and Relativistic Thinking

2.3.1. William Perry

2.3.1.1. polarity view

2.3.2. Gisela Labouvie-Vief

2.3.2.1. reflective, complex thinking

2.4. Wisdom/Intelligence

2.4.1. Paul Baltes

2.4.2. Robert Sternberg

2.5. Zone of proximal development (ZPD)

2.5.1. Lev Vygotsky

2.5.2. Cognitive levels/functioning

2.5.2.1. Deanna Kuhn

3. Executive function

3.1. dual-process model

3.1.1. Valerie Reyna

3.2. Critical thinking

3.2.1. Ellen Langer

3.2.1.1. mindfulness

3.2.2. Robert Roser

3.2.2.1. mindfulness, increase in cognitive and socioemotional skills

3.2.2.2. Philip Zelazo

3.3. Creative thinking

3.3.1. J.P. Guilford

3.3.1.1. convergent thinking

3.4. Metacognition

3.4.1. Strategies

3.4.1.1. Michael Presley

4. Intelligence Tests

4.1. Alfred Binet

4.1.1. The Binet Test

4.1.1.1. normal distribution

4.1.2. Mental age (MA)

4.2. William Stern

4.2.1. Intelligence quotient (IQ)

4.3. David Wechsler

4.3.1. The Wechsler scales

5. Multiple Intelligences

5.1. Eight Frames of the Mind

5.1.1. Howard Gardner

5.2. Emotional intelligence

5.2.1. Daniel Goleman

5.2.2. Peter Salovey

5.2.3. John Mayer

5.3. General intelligence

5.3.1. Nathan Brody

6. Social Cognition

6.1. Adolescent egocentrism

6.1.1. David Elkind

6.1.1.1. imaginary audience and personal fable

6.1.2. Daniel Lapsley

6.1.2.1. adaptive narcissism supports ego