Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Complex Communication Needs

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Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Complex Communication Needs by Mind Map: Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Complex Communication Needs

1. Improving communication ability

1.1. Communication competence: requires significant time and effort.

1.2. Emerging communication: Individuals at the point of emerging communication have no reliable method of symbolic expression and are limited to non-symbolic methods of communicating.

1.3. Context-dependent communication: Individuals at the point of context-dependent communication have reliable symbolic communication but communicate in only a few contexts or with only a few partners.

1.4. Independent communication: Individuals at the point of independent communication are usually literate and interact with both familiar and unfamiliar environments

1.5. Communication environments: Where individuals chose to communicate.

1.6. Communication roles: complete participation in all desired social aspects.

1.7. Social roles: the roles each person has in society.

1.8. Communication partners: People the individual choses to communicate with.

1.9. Complex communication needs: emphasizes the importance of speech, language, and/or cognitive abilities for a person’s participation in society rather than focusing solely on the disorder.

1.10. Augmentative and alternative communication: approach to treatment, with a focus on understanding how the disorder affects individuals daily lives and identify ways to help them.

1.11. AAC System: consists of four different components that are used to enhance communication.

1.12. Strategy: is the third component of an AAC system and is the way symbols are effectively and efficiently conveyed.

2. How communication is displayed?

2.1. Fixed display: remains the same before and after a symbol is selected.

2.2. Hybrid display: use a combination of display types on the AAC system.

2.3. Dynamic display: are visual and change after a symbol is selected.

2.4. Visual scene display: are pictures, photographs, or depictions of virtual environments that represent situations, places, or experiences.

2.5. Multimodal: when people use a combination of communication modalities to meet their intended communication goals.

3. Symbols and different types

3.1. Symbol: is something that stands for something else.

3.2. Dynamic: symbols require movement or change to understand their meaning.

3.3. Static: symbols that do not require movement or change to understand their meaning.

3.4. Aided: Symbol requires a device or accessory that is external to the body to transmit a message.

3.5. Unaided: Symbols require only one’s body.

3.6. Iconicity: is the degree to which symbols visually resemble what they refer to.

3.7. Opaque: symbol has little resemblance to what it represents.

4. Messages are transmitted through:

4.1. Technique: Refers to the way in which messages are transmitted – that is how an individual selects or accesses symbols

4.2. Direct selection: is a direct motor act that is not dependent on time.

4.3. Indirect selection: individuals with severe motor or sensory impairments can also access their AAC Systems using this.

4.4. Scanning: A selection set of symbols are present in a predetermined configuration by either a communication device or a communication partner

4.5. Coded access: requires an individual to use a sequence of movements to select a symbol from a set.

5. communication services/assistance

5.1. Aid: Refers to a type of assistive device that is used to send or receive messages.

5.2. Electronic: electronic AAC aids are usually referred to as speech generating devices.

5.3. Speech generating device: used to produce words and phrases as an alternative to speaking in situations where he or she is not understood.

6. How AAC systems and communication needs identified?

6.1. Multidisciplinary team: professionals that conduct an AAC assessment.

6.2. Comprehensive ACC assessment: identify, measure, and describe factors affecting communication, the effects of the communication impairment on the individual’s activities and participation.

6.3. Opportunity barriers: imposed by other people and prevent an individual’s participation in communication activities.

6.4. Access barriers: can prevent participation in communication activities, but they stem from the capabilities, attitudes, and resources of the person using ACC.

7. Common causes of complex communication needs:

7.1. Parkinson’s disease: is a slowly progressive disease of the basal ganglia in the central nervous system.

7.2. Stroke: occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures.

7.3. Cerebral palsy: a neuromotor impairment resulting from trauma or damage to the developing child before, during, or soon after birth.

7.4. Dementia: degenerative disease that can affect communication.

7.5. Autism spectrum disorders: are a group of developmental disorders characterized by impaired social interaction; difficulty with verbal and nonverbal communication; and unusual repetitive or severely limited activities and interests.

7.6. Traumatic brain injury: is an acquired injury to the brain caused by a traumatic event.

7.7. Childhood apraxia of speech: a speech disorder characterized by the inability to control the purposeful speech movements and sequences of speech movements.

7.8. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease is a rapidly progressive disease.

7.9. Intellectual disability: having significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills.

8. Social roles and purpose of communication:

8.1. Information transfer: communicate to give and to receive information.

8.2. Social closeness: is another reason people interact and communicate with one another.

8.3. Social etiquette: purpose of communication; has to do with being polite and conforming to the social conventions of one’s culture.