My foundations of education

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My foundations of education by Mind Map: My foundations of education

1. This approach to history says that it involved the expansion of opportunity and purpose for children c=such as getting them ready for the real world and teaching them life skills.

2. Politics of Education

2.1. Conservative

2.1.1. the role of the school- essential to economic productivity and social stability.

2.1.2. Darwinist thoughts- says social evolution enables the strongist to survive

2.1.3. policy and reform- Conservatives promote the return to basics, accountability measures with minimum standards, and the return to the academic traditional curriculum such as: history,and literature.

2.2. Traditional

2.2.1. This view transmits traditional values like hard work, family unity, and individual initiative

2.2.2. Believe that schools should pass on what was good in the past such as history and what is good now such as current technology.

2.2.3. traditionals are more in line with conservatives

3. History of U.S. education

3.1. I think the reform era that had the most influence was the common school, or progressive reform.

3.1.1. Education expanded rapidly from 1870 to 1880. in 1870 6.5 million kids from 5-18 attended school and in 1880 15.5 attended school.

3.1.2. This movement was started by John Dewey who was looking to solves social and civilization problems through schooling. He wanted education to resemble embryonic communities.

3.1.3. There are two different types of progressive reform such as: child centered, and social centered. I think I tend to learn more towards the social centered reform in thinking that education could change a child and the way they contribute to society. If the child is not being pushed and receiving adequate attention it could negatively affect the student and how they continue on.

3.2. I like the democratic-liberal approach

3.2.1. The democratic-liberals believe that equality and excellence are ideal and that we must continue to move towards each of them equally without sacrificing the other.

3.2.2. This approach says the each period of expansion dealt with each reform trying to broaden educational opportunities to encompass more people groups.

4. Sociology of education

4.1. The relationship between school and society is brought on by functional theories. This theory discusses the cohesion and interdependence of the social system.

4.2. This approach compares society to a machine and how all of its parts come together for a common goal to produce an outcome.

4.3. This says that conflict within the society is the breakdown of its values. When everyone doesn't agree it is because they have different thoughts and values on the subject and therefore is no longer cohesive.

4.4. 3 effects of schooling on individuals

4.4.1. One of the effects on schooling that have the greatest impact on students is their peer grouos, alientation,a d bullying. These experiences go witha child thorugh life and begin to affect other aspects other than scooling. This could affect the child reacts in a job setting when he or she is older. Beingbullied or alientated coud allow the child to becme very self conscious and therefore change their outlook on many of life's events.

4.4.2. The second affect that has the greatest impact is knowledge and attitudes. the knowledge of a student most definitely impacts society almost all the time. The more the students know the more they are able to make educated decisions, the better they are at reading, the better in math and therefore the better they are able to participate in a functional society.

4.4.3. The last effect on the individual is teacher behavior. Teachers spend nearly as much time with their students as they spend at home. Students can pick up many behaviors as well as language from someone who they spend so much time with.

5. •Schools as Organizations

5.1. Alabama Senators

5.1.1. Jeff Sessions

5.1.2. Richard Shelby

5.2. District 5 representative

5.2.1. Mo Brooks

5.3. State superintendent

5.3.1. Tommy Bice

5.4. Representative on state school board

5.4.1. Jeffery Newman

5.5. Local superintendent

5.5.1. Tom Sisk

5.6. Local school board

5.6.1. Limestone county

5.7. Other country's comparison

5.7.1. Other countries educational system is more selective as to where we are very inclusive

5.7.2. France is a highly centralized compared to the U.S. Because they are trying to push out the elite within their schools system

5.7.3. Some systems go trough a right of passage to speedster the gifted

6. •Curriculum and Pedagogy

6.1. Social efficiency curriculum

6.1.1. Different groups with different needs must receive different schooling

6.1.2. It stresses the relationship between school and societal roles within society

6.1.3. This was related to the scientific management of schools which stresses specific educational goals and objectives and puts students into different classes based on ability

6.2. Sociological curriculum theory

6.2.1. Modern functionalist theory Says that the curriculum must adapt to the 21dt century world. This is because of the rapidly growing technology and the new skills that must be learned that had not previously been discussing The specific content is not as important as the preparation for society. This preparation may include vocational preparation for society. This theory of sociological curriculum says that schools teach general values to the specific society as well as the knowledge to function in a society. New node New node

7. equality of opportunity

7.1. The Coleman Report says that the difference in schooling itself makes up for the largest difference in educational achievement instead of the difference in the groups of students themselves.

7.1.1. I feel that the differences in students is much larger than the difference in the schools systems. If you threw every kid into the same system achievement would still be very different. You have to think of the background of each child instead of the school itself. In order to best tailor to each student you must think of the individual student and what he or she may be facing as well as the school system itself. There are so many variables with achievement but I fell the biggest one is student backgrounds and home lives.

7.2. I feel that I fall within the functionalist approach in that the schooling process produces unequal results but these results are based on individual differences in students not group differences. You have to think about each individual that has different sets of circumstances going on.

7.3. Public schools are funded more generously than poor inner city schools. This is a prime example of the inequality that resides within the school systems and inadvertedly different ethnic populations.

7.4. Curriculum and pedagogic practices make a big difference in the schools. Each ethnic group has its own customs and takes each circumstance differently. An African American group may react better to an African American teacher. The same thing may be true with Hispanic and white teachers and students.

8. Philosophy of Education

8.1. goal of education

8.1.1. to make better citizens to be able to participate in a democratic society

8.1.2. to make well rounded students who are emotionally developed as well as developed within the society

8.1.3. Balances social and economic purposes

8.2. key researchers

8.2.1. George Pierce

8.2.2. William James

8.2.3. John Dewey

8.3. role of the teacher'

8.3.1. Facilitator- to guide learning but allowing students to be in charge of their own leanring

8.3.2. encourager- shows students that they are cared for and that they can succeed.

8.4. generic notation

8.4.1. Dewey says school should resemble embryonic society

8.4.2. learn experientially and from books

8.4.3. goal is to work in democratic society

8.5. curriculum

8.5.1. child centered curriculum

8.5.2. integrated curriculum

8.5.3. vocational and core classes

8.6. method of instruction

8.6.1. inquiry based instruction so that teachers quide the thinking process

8.6.2. collaborative learning to develop community in the classroom as well as student to student teaching which may allow for better understanding through better related to the children ideas.

8.6.3. classroom enviornement is important to haw a teacher may teach. Must have an environment set up for learning and for hands on technique.

9. •Educational Reform

9.1. One school based reform is teacher quality.

9.2. Teacher quality has to do with how good of a teacher there is in the school. It especially dealt with urban schools and the quality of teachers there

9.3. Rates of teacher missassignment are much higher in urban and high poverty schools.

9.4. full service and community schools is a type of community based reform in schools that has to do with educating the whole community.

9.5. This type of school meets the need of the child and families physical, sociological, and educational needs.

9.6. This model specifically targets at risk neighborhoods to prevent violence and other crime influenced problems as wel as to support the society and community as a whole.

10. Educational Inequality

10.1. functionalist approach to educational achievement. says that the schooling process produces unequal results based on individual students and not groups

10.2. I agree with the functionalist approach because you have to think of the background of each child as well as the school they are in but not one without the other

10.3. It says there is a very prominent relationship between the family background and the educational outcome

10.4. One student Centered theory is the cultural difference theory. It talks about socioeconomic differences

10.5. It speaks of class structure and how those in upper classes receive better education than those in middle to lower classes

10.6. There is also mention of the black and white achievement gap because of the economic differences. It says this gap had more to do with cultural affects.