Behaviorism & Classical Conditioning

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Behaviorism & Classical Conditioning by Mind Map: Behaviorism & Classical Conditioning

1. Behaviorism roots

1.1. Logical positivism -Verificationism -Mental concepts refer to behavioural tendencies Translate mental concepts into overt behaviour

1.2. Association -Associate things & events that occur together

1.2.1. Law of contiguity -things occur in same space & time ex: bed & cockroach

1.2.2. Law of similarity -apple & orange

1.2.3. Law of contrast - opposite ex:black & white

1.2.4. Law of frequency -reoccurring pairings -thunder & lightning

1.3. John B. Watson was the ‘father of behaviourism

2. Phenomena

2.1. Extinction

2.2. Renewal

2.2.1. ABA renewal ex: clinical situation-> real life

2.3. Spontaneous Recovery

2.3.1. Extinct behavioury re-emerges after period of rest -associated has not been forgotten

2.4. Generalization

2.4.1. cocacola-> happy, other soda -> also happy

2.5. Discrimination

2.5.1. Only responding to specific stimuli and not others

2.6. Backward Conditioning

2.6.1. bell after food is presented

2.7. Counter-conditioning

2.7.1. Phobia therapy

3. Compound conditioning

3.1. more than 1 CS

3.2. Over-shadowing

3.2.1. Conditioning stronger for one CS from the compound

3.3. Blocking procedure

3.3.1. 1. CS1 + US-> UR 2. CS1-> CR 3. Add CS2 into it 4. Test separately

3.3.2. CS1 elicits stronger response (CR)

3.3.3. CS1/US association has blocked formation of CS2/US association

3.3.4. Backward blocking -CS1 + CS2 + US -> UR Remove CS2: CS1 + US -> UR Test CS1 and CS2 separately

3.4. Higher-order conditioning

3.4.1. use CS as US

3.4.2. CS1 + US -> UR CS1 -> CR CS1 + CS2 (no US) -> CR (Using CS1 as the US) CS2 alone -> CR

4. Emotion CC

4.1. Conditioned emotional response CES

4.1.1. Seeing ball + pinch -> fear

4.2. Conditioned supression

4.2.1. images of hurting ppl + pain -> reduce bad behaviour

5. Modern research/theory

5.1. Dual-process conditioning

5.1.1. Implicit(heart rate) vs Explicit knowledge/learning -explicit is not needed for conditioning