Man's Search for Meaning - Viktor Frankl

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Man's Search for Meaning - Viktor Frankl by Mind Map: Man's Search for Meaning - Viktor Frankl

1. Handling fear: Paradoxical intention technique

1.1. Fear brings about that which we are afraid of

1.2. Solution:

1.2.1. Intend precisely that which you fear

1.3. Example

1.3.1. A patient who used to sweat too much and was scared of it

1.3.2. Solution

1.3.2.1. He was asked to intend to sweat too much - to show people how much he could sweat

1.3.2.2. He could not sweat as a result!

1.4. Hyper-intention makes what we wish for impossible

2. Suffering behaves like gas

2.1. You pump a small amount into a box and it fills the box

2.2. Pump a large amount into the box and it fills it too

2.3. The density might be different

2.3.1. But suffering becomes pervasive. Just like the gas

3. The last human freedom

3.1. Everything can be taken from us

3.2. Except for the last of human freedoms

3.2.1. The freedom to choose one's response

3.2.2. The freedom to choose one's attitude

3.2.3. This freedom is never lost

4. Logotherapy

4.1. Greek: Logos = meaning

4.2. Man's search for meaning is the primary motivation in life

4.2.1. Meaning will help us survive the toughest of conditions

4.2.2. "He who has a why to live for can bear almost any how." -Nietzsche

4.3. Tension

4.3.1. Our search for meaning leads to tension

4.3.1.1. Between what we have accomplished and

4.3.1.2. What we are going after

4.3.2. Such tension is required for our mental well-being

4.3.2.1. We need to be constantly striving for a worthwhile goal

4.3.3. A state of equilibrium without tension can be very dangerous

4.4. Meaning of life

4.4.1. We should not ask what the meaning is

4.4.1.1. Instead we are being asked by life what the meaning is

4.4.2. Each one of us must answer to life in our way

4.5. Finding meaning in suffering

4.5.1. "When we are no longer able to change a situation, we are forced to change ourselves"

4.5.2. Suffering stops being suffering once you have meaning

4.5.3. We humans will go through suffering - if there is meaning behind it

5. There is space between what happens to us and what we do

5.1. That is the space where we choose our respone

5.2. We are responsible

5.2.1. Response - Able

6. Recommended readings

6.1. Emotional Equations

6.1.1. Despair = Suffering - Meaning

6.2. 7 Habits of highly effective people