Teaching

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Teaching af Mind Map: Teaching

1. Principles

1.1. Duke

1.1.1. Start from Scratch Everyday

1.1.2. Small Approximations

1.1.3. Include Only Essential Information

1.1.4. Each Step is an Approximation of the End Goal

1.1.5. Inch Forward -- Leap Backward

1.1.6. Multiple Correct Repetitions at Each Step

1.2. Pestalozzi

1.2.1. Personality

1.2.2. Development

1.2.3. Caring for your Students

1.2.4. Known to the Unknown

1.2.5. Action

1.2.6. Repetition

1.3. Abraham

1.3.1. Good Teaching

1.3.1.1. 1.Student-centered learning begins in and honors the student’s world.

1.3.1.2. 2. Promotes substantive conversation through dialogue.

1.3.1.3. 3. Provides strategies for students to connect what they learned in one context and apply it to a new and different context.

1.3.1.4. 4. Facilities the making of meaning.

1.3.1.5. 5. Yields transformational experiences for both students and their teachers.

1.3.1.6. 6. When teachers connect their teaching strategies top the various ways in which their students learn.

1.3.1.7. 7. Focuses on depth rather than breadth.

1.3.1.8. 8.The interrelationship of philosophy, psychology (learning theory), and praxis.

1.3.1.9. 9. Happens when teachers seize teachable moments.

1.3.1.10. 10. Music empowers musicianship and fosters musical agency by engaging the student’s abilities to create, perform, respond,and connect to music on levels appropriate to their stage of development.

2. Learning Theories

2.1. Constructivism

2.2. Wiggins

2.2.1. Communication in musical content.

2.2.2. Analyzing musical content

2.3. Vygotsky

2.3.1. Instructional Scaffolding

2.3.2. Zone of Proximal Development

2.3.3. Social Constructivism

2.4. Piaget

2.4.1. Stage theory

2.4.1.1. Sensorimotor

2.4.1.2. Preoperational

2.4.1.3. Concrete Operations

2.4.1.4. Formal Operations

2.4.2. Schema

2.5. Csikszentmihalyi

2.5.1. Flow Theory

2.5.1.1. Balance = Flow

3. Lesson Planning

3.1. Higher-Order Thinking Taxonomy

3.1.1. Retreival

3.1.1.1. Recognize

3.1.1.2. Recall

3.1.1.3. Executing

3.1.2. Comprehension

3.1.2.1. Intergrating

3.1.2.2. Symbolizing

3.1.3. Analysis

3.1.3.1. Matching

3.1.3.2. Classifying

3.1.3.3. Analyzing Errors

3.1.3.4. Generalizing

3.1.3.5. Specifying

3.1.4. Knowledge Utilization

3.1.4.1. Decision-Making

3.1.4.2. Problem-Solving

3.1.4.3. Experimenting

3.1.4.4. Investigating

3.2. Lesson Plan Format

3.2.1. National Core Music Standards

3.2.1.1. Layer 1: Artistic Processes

3.2.1.1.1. Creating

3.2.1.1.2. Performing

3.2.1.1.3. Responding

3.2.1.1.4. Connecting

3.2.1.2. Layer 2: Enduring Understanding

3.2.1.2.1. Concept of thing or issue that gives meaning and connection to discrete facts and skills

3.2.1.2.2. Big ideas prioritize the learning and help students make sense of what they are learning

3.2.1.3. Layer 3: Essential Questions

3.2.1.3.1. A necessary question that needs to be answered and foundation question to build on the knowledge students should be gaining in the classroom.

3.2.1.3.2. How do musicians generate creative ideas?

3.2.1.4. Layer 4: Strands

3.2.1.4.1. Gneral Music

3.2.1.4.2. Composition/Theory

3.2.1.4.3. Ensembles

3.2.1.4.4. Harmonizing Instruments (guitars/keyboards)

3.2.1.4.5. Technology

3.2.1.5. Layer 5: Levels

3.2.1.5.1. Novice

3.2.1.5.2. Intermediate

3.2.1.5.3. High School Proficient

3.2.1.5.4. High School Accomplished

3.2.1.5.5. High School

3.2.2. Objectives

3.2.2.1. Behavioral

3.2.2.2. Cognitive

3.2.2.2.1. Four Facets of Understanding

3.2.3. Procedure

3.2.4. Assessment

3.2.4.1. Formative

3.2.4.2. Summative

4. Philosophy

4.1. Critical Pedagogy

4.2. Praxialism

4.3. Aesthetism

4.4. Utilitarianism

5. Classroom Management and Student Behaviors

5.1. Human Needs

5.2. Misbehavior

5.2.1. How a Teacher Should Respond

5.2.2. Misbehaving Students Usually Try to Achieve

5.2.2.1. Attention

5.2.2.2. Power

5.2.2.3. Revenge

5.2.2.4. Avoidance of Failure

5.3. 2 Basic Concepts of Behavior