Explorers and Conquerors

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Explorers and Conquerors af Mind Map: Explorers and Conquerors

1. Christopher Columbus

1.1. Discovered The New World in 1492

1.2. Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer

1.3. Asia was original destination

1.4. Spain saw the chance for trade

1.4.1. Spice trade with Asia

2. Hernan Cortes

2.1. 1518: Explore Mexico.

2.2. Spanish conquistador and explorer

2.3. Fought Tlaxacan and Cholula warriors

2.3.1. 1521: Took over the Aztec empire.

2.4. 1504, Left Spain to the New World

3. Francisco Pizarro

3.1. November 10, 1509 sailed to The New World

3.1.1. Conquered the Incan Empire (1524-1526)

3.1.2. Killed the Emperor, Atahualpa

3.1.3. Claimed lands for Spain

3.2. Spanish conquistador, voyager

3.3. Went on three significant expeditions

3.3.1. 1st, 1524, conquer Peru, but failed

3.3.2. 2nd, 1526, explore the Colombian coasts

3.3.3. 3rd, 1530, went back to conquer Peru

4. Samuel de Champlain

4.1. 1603: Started exploring North America

4.2. French navigator, soldier, explorer, geographer, etc

4.3. "Father of New France"

4.4. 1608, established French settlement, now Quebec City

4.4.1. 1st European to explore the Great Lakes

4.5. Acquaintances with the natives

5. Vasco Nunez De Balboa

5.1. 1513: Crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean

5.1.1. 1st to reach the Pacific from the New World.

5.2. Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador

5.3. New World in 1500

5.3.1. Settled on the island of Hispaniola

5.4. Founded the settlement of Santa María la Antigua del Darién

6. Vasco da Gama

6.1. 1497-1499: 1st European to reach India by sea

6.2. Portuguese explorer

6.3. Connected the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans

6.4. Opened the way for global imperialism