Unit 1 Background about Political Science

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Unit 1 Background about Political Science 作者: Mind Map: Unit 1  Background about Political Science

1. Why Study Political Science?

1.1. Political Science

1.1.1. is the study of the nature, causes, and consequences of collective decisions and actions taken by groups of people embedded in cultures and institutions that structure power and authority.

1.2. Political Scientists

1.2.1. understand, interpret, explain and critically assess events, patterns and structures of politics and government and generate observations of relevance to policy makers, their fellow citizens and global communities.

1.3. Political Department

1.3.1. specializes in indigenous politics, critical political theory and identity politics, democratic theory and practise, political behaviour, parties and elections, comparative public policy and institutions, environmental politics, international norms, institutions and goverance, human security. We are exceptionally strong in quantitative methods, and have regional area strengths in the study of Asian politics, politics of the Americas, European politics, U.S. politics, and Canadian politics.

2. What can Political Science Graduates Do?

2.1. a substantive, practical and working understanding of Canada’s political system, a range of other political systems and the interactions of states and other actors internationally;

2.2. knowledge of concepts and language to allow them to critically assess and evaluate political experience locally, nationally and globally as citizens;

2.3. an awareness of multiple political traditions and to have explored perennial questions of how societies govern themselves and address problems of power;

2.4. knowledge of appropriate methods and modes of inquiry, including statistical and interpretive techniques to systematically approach the study of political problems, and;

2.5. an ability to communicate clearly and persuasively in both oral and written form.

3. Degree Requirements

3.1. Graduation Requirements for the Major Program

3.1.1. To graduate with a Major in Political Science, students must complete at least 42 credits but not more than 60 credits of Political Science in their overall 120 credits of the B.A. degree. At least 30 of these Political Science credits must be in courses numbered 300 or above, including two required courses: POLI 380 and one 400 level POLI seminar.

3.2. Graduation requirements for the Honours Program

3.2.1. Graduation in the Honours Program normally requires an 80% grade in at least one Political Science course during the fourth year, a minimum grade of 75% in POLI 492, and a 75% overall average in the final two years. Honours students must complete at least 60 but not more than 72 credits of Political Science in their 120 credits for the B.A. At least 48 of these credits must be in courses numbered 300 or above, including these required courses: POLI 340, POLI 380, POLI 390, POLI 492, and at least 6 additional credits of Political Science seminars at the 400 level. Entering the fourth year of the Honours Program requires an 80% grade in at least one Political Science course during the third year, a minimum grade of 75% in POLI 390, and a 75% average overall in the third year. Occasionally outstanding students from the third year Major Program may be admitted directly to fourth year Honours. Students not meeting these standards but nevertheless satisfying all other university requirements for graduation will be awarded a B.A. in the Major Program.

3.3. Graduation Requirements for the Minor

3.3.1. A Minor consists of at least 30 credits, but not more than 42 credits of Political Science courses, of which at least 18 must be numbered 300 or above. POLI 101 must be included among the courses taken. Departmental permission is not required to undertake a Minor in Political Science.

3.4. Graduation Requirements for the Combined Major in Economics and Political Science

3.4.1. In addition to faculty degree requirements, the program has Economics and Political Science requirements Economics Requirements: Students take an 18-credit core, plus ECON 490 and 9 credits of electives in Economics of which at least 3 credits must be at the 300-/400-level. The 18-credit core consists of ECON 101, 102, 301 (or 304), 302 (or 305), 325, and 326. Visit the Economics Department website for course information. Political Science Requirements: Students take a 15-credit core plus 15 credits of electives at the 300-/400-level. The 15-credit core consists of POLI 100, 101, 240, and 350 or 352 (or equivalent), plus 3 credits chosen from POLI 220 or 260.

4. 1st year Political Science

4.1. Students interested in politics, government, political ideas, political economy, and international affairs should begin their studies with the broad introductions to PoliticalScience in our three introductory courses. Ideally, students take POLI 100 in the first term,and POLI 110 in second term of their first year.

4.1.1. POLI 100 – Introduction to Politics This course introduces key concepts and ideas underpinning modern western politics, as well as contemporary challenges. It provides students with the conceptual vocabulary of our discipline. It is meant to be an introduction to four areas of study within Political Science at UBC: Canadian Politics, Comparative Politics, Political Theory, and International Relations. POLI 100 examines the two foundational concepts of modern politics: the state and citizen. Under this general rubric, ideas such as ideologies, sovereignty, authority, democracy, power, rights, and international relations are considered. POLI 100 also introduces students to studying and debating about the challenges of modern politics, such as globalization and identity politics. In order to examine how these concepts make a difference in our daily political life, tutorial discussion groups will use contemporary case studies to make the discussion specific, concrete and relevant. Students develop and extend their skills in conceptual analysis, argument, and writing.

4.1.2. POLI 101 – Introduction to Canadian Government This introductory course on Canadian government and politics is particularly relevant for students who are interested in Canadian politics and government, but who are unlikely to major in Political Science. It presumes no background in Political Science, and teaches both government (the core institutions that determine how Canadians are governed) and politics (the issues, controversies, debates that animate Canadian political life). For students interested in pursing a Major or Honours program in Political Science, it is recommended they enroll in POLI 201 in their second year, which will cover similar material but at the second year level.

4.1.3. POLI 110 – Investigating Politics This course prepares students to engage with the field of political science by introducing the basic logic and tools used by political scientists to understand and explain the political world. The course will teach students how Political Scientists ask answerable questions; how we — students and professors — define key political concepts; how we formulate hypotheses and theories about political dynamics; how we measure the phenomena we want to study; how we think about and assess relationships of cause-and-effect; and how we report our findings to the world. We will consider these issues by examining how Political Scientists have investigated major questions in domestic and international affairs, such as why ethnic diversity sometimes leads to civil war, whether international intervention can bring about democracy, and how we can determine which country has the best healthcare policies.

4.2. Prerequisites:

4.2.1. POLI 100 is a prerequisite for all 200 level Political Science courses. Students intending to pursue a Major or Honours program in Political Science are strongly advised to take POLI 100, POLI 101, and POLI 110 during their first year. POLI 100 is a prerequisite for POLI 240 and POLI 110 is a prerequisite for POLI 380, both of which are required in the Majors and Honours programs.

5. 2nd year Political Science

5.1. By their second year, students may know they are heading toward a Political Science Major, Honours, Combined Major, or Minor program, and should therefore begin to focus their interests in particular areas of the discipline. Each of the 200 level courses provide an introduction to the questions, language, andmodes of analysis in each of the four broad subfields, building upon the foundational concepts acquired in POLI 100. Students who take 200 level courses will be well prepared to take upper level courses in those particular subfields of Political Science.

5.1.1. Canadian Politics A knowledge of the institutions and patterns of Canadian politics and government is of value for anyone whose career will take them to public service, law, journalism, business, social work, or management consulting

5.1.2. Comparative Politics There is a fascinating diversity of political systems and institutions across the globe. Learning how these systems and institutions differ across places and time periods is not only inherently interesting, but it also gives us an opportunity to answer important questions about how the political world works. By comparing different political systems or institutions we can learn, for example, about which political systems best channel their citizens’ preferences or produce good policies, or about which conditions give rise to democracies and strong states. By studying individual countries or regions in depth, we can learn about how political processes unfold over time and how they shape important social, political and economic outcomes.

5.1.3. POLI220 – Introduction to Comparative Politics This course introduces students to the field of Comparative Politics, and concentrates on several broad themes: comparative analysis, the state, nations and society, political regimes, markets and development. Within these themes, students learn about state development, state failure, nationalism, ethnic conflict and civil war, democracy and its alternatives, political institutions, political culture, welfare states and inequality, globalization and development. These themes are explored through a set of case studies that include both advanced democracies and developing countries. POLI 220 prepares students for upperlevel courses in Comparative Politics. Click here for POLI 220 Learning Objectives

5.1.4. Political Theory How do we live together on the earth? How should we organize ourselves? What are the implications — for justice, freedom, equality, happiness — of different approaches to living together? In political theory we assess actually existing practices, their value, and possible alternatives. We gain reflective insight into key political concepts such as freedom, power, equality, oppression, domination and justice, and we use such concepts to think about realworld practices and structures including democracy, capitalism, colonialism, empire, gender, race, and rights. Studying political theory will develop you as a person, helping you examine yourself, and it will cultivate your critical capacities as a citizen.

5.1.5. POLI240 – Currents of Political Thought This course enables students to acquire the skills to conduct detailed analysis of political ideas. The course familiarizes students with some of the key thinkers in the history of political thought, and explores how their ideas contributed to the evolution of western political practice. POLI 240 prepares students for advanced coursework in various themes of political philosophy.

5.1.6. International Relations The international system encompasses all the various relationships and actions between states and non-state actors. Understanding events, norms, and trends in international politics requires a distinct set of theoretical, analytic, and empirical tools. Grounded in the history of the international system, the study of international relations points us toward predictions of the big patterns of peace, conflict, and trade in our world.

5.1.7. POLI260 – Introduction to Global Politics This course introduces students to the tools used to understand the international system and global politics. Students learn the major concepts and approaches in the academic study of International Politics (or Global Politics or International Relations). The course covers the basic history of the international system and the features of the major institutions through which global politics is played out. Major questions addressed in the course involve the causes of war and peace, security and insecurity, the patterns of global trade, the power of the institutions of global governance, development, and the diffusion of international norms.

5.2. Study Political Science Abroad

5.2.1. students interested in studying aboard in their 3rd year, should consult with UBC’s Go Global program during their second year.

6. 3rd Year Political Science

6.1. Once students are admitted to the Major, Honours, or Combined Major programs in their third year, they begin to take more specialized courses on particular topics within each of the subfields of the discipline. These courses all build on the foundations provided by the second year course in that field, and therefore we strongly encourage students to take the relevant 200 level course as preparation for any third and fourth year courses. Students who find themselves interested in particular upper-level courses but are lacking in the 200 level preparation can take those 200 level courses in their third year. Students in third year should pursue courses that interest them, keeping in mind that a breadth of knowledge within Political Science is valuable for fourth year research-intensive seminar courses, for applications to graduate studies programs, and for adaptability on the job market.

6.2. There are a wide range of learning activities in third year courses:

6.2.1. ome have a traditional lecture, midterm, essay, final exam structure;

6.2.2. others involve discussion in class, dedicated discussion sections, group projects, writingintensive learning, simulations of political negotiations, community and international service learning, applied political research, learning in the field, and other activities.

6.3. We recommend that students take courses with a wide range of learning activities in order to diversify the skills acquired in the program. Most third year courses have between 60-100 students per class, while a handful of courses are larger or much smaller. Note: POLI 380 (Quantitative Methods in Political Science) is required for Majors; POLI 110 (Investigating Politics) is the prerequisite for POL 380. We recommend that students take POL 380 as soon as possible so that they can engage with and conduct quantitative research in Political Science.

6.4. Graduation Requirements for the Combined Major in Philosophy and Political Science

6.4.1. In addition to faculty degree requirements, the program has Philosophy and Political Science requirements. Philosophy Requirements: Students take an 18-credit core plus 12 credits of electives at the 300-/400-level. The 18- credit core consists of PHIL 230, 240, 330, 340, and any two of the following: PHIL 335, 338, 431, and/or 461, and 491. Students may use any 300-/400-level philosophy courses to fulfill their elective requirements excluding PHIL 400 and 401. See the Philosophy Department website for course information. Political Science Requirements: Students take an 18-credit core plus 12 credits of electives at the 300-/400-level. The 18-credit core consists of POLI 100, 101, 110, 240, 380, and 3 credits selected from courses numbered 340-349

6.5. 300 Level Courses by subfield

6.5.1. Canadian Politics POLI 301 – Canadian Political Parties POLI 302 – Public Administration POLI 303 – Federalism in Canada POLI 304 – British Columbia Government and Politics POLI 305 – Canadian Political Ideas POLI 306 – Local Government and Politics in Canada POLI 307 – Quebec Government and Politics POLI 308 – Issues in Canadian Politics POLI 309 – Canadian Perspectives on Human Rights POLI 310 – Parliament and Party: The Strategy of Politics

6.5.2. Comparative Politics POLI 310 – Parliament and Party: The Strategy of Politics POLI 320 – Government and Politics of the USA POLI 321 – Chinese Politics and Development POLI 322 – Japanese Government and Politics POLI 323 – South Asian Government and Politics POLI 324 – Southeast Asian Government and Politics POLI 325 – Communist and Post-Communist Politics POLI 325 – Communist and Post-Communist Politics POLI 325 – Communist and Post-Communist Politics POLI 328 – Topics in Comparative Politics POLI 329 – Gender and Politics POLI 330 – Japanese Political Economy POLI 331 – Korean Government and Politics POLI 332 – Politics and Government of Latin America POLI 333 – Issues in Comparative Politics POLI 334 – Comparative Democratization POLI 335 – Comparative Federalism POLI 336 – Associations and the State in Comparative Perspective POLI 337 – The U.S. Presidency in Comparative Perspective POLI 350 – Public Policy POLI 352 – Comparative Politics of Public Policy POLI 385 – Public Opinion and Elections

6.5.3. Political Theory POLI 340 – History of Political Ideas POLI 341 – Contemporary Political Theory POLI 342 – Modern Political Theory: Analysis of a Selected Theorist POLI 343 – Theories of State and Society POLI 344 – Social and Political Thought POLI 345 – Gender and Politics: Political Thought and Practice POLI 346 – Democratic Theory POLI 347 – Law and Political Theory POLI 348 – Political Theory and Public Policy

6.5.4. International Relations POLI 360 – Security Studies POLI 361 – International Violence and Its Control POLI 362 – The Great Powers and International Politics POLI 363 – Canadian Foreign Policy POLI 364 – International Organizations POLI 365 – Asian International Relations POLI 366 – International Political Economy POLI 367 – International Relations Theory and the International System POLI 368 – Japan’s Foreign Relations POLI 369 – Issues in International Security POLI 370 – Issues in International Conflict Management POLI 373 – Ethics in World Politics POLI 374 – International Peacekeeping POLI 375 – Global Environmental Politics

7. 4th Year Political Science

7.1. Fourth year courses in Political Science are small, specialized learning experiences. Most are seminars with a maximum of 18 students. All fourth year courses are designated as researchintensive, fulfilling the Faculty of Arts requirement.

7.2. The seminar course format facilitates the development of skills in:

7.2.1. deep analytic reading and writing

7.2.2. independent formulation of original research topics

7.2.3. oral expression of arguments in class

7.2.4. sophisticated dialogue with other experts (students and the instructor)

7.2.5. presentation of literature review and of research findings

7.3. Many students find that their fourth year seminar experiences are the richest and most rewarding in their undergraduate program. Often, students choose to pursue topics that they have explored in these seminars when they develop a plan for further education (MA, PhD, MPP, MPH, LLB, etc.). These 400 level courses give a preview of the format and expectations of seminars and research-based learning central to many graduate programs.

7.4. 400 Level Courses by subfield:

7.4.1. Canadian Politics POLI 401 – Canadian Provincial and Regional Politics POLI 402 – Law and Politics of the Canadian Constitution POLI 403 – The Political Economy of Canada POLI 404 – Public Policy and its Administration POLI 405 – Topics in Canadian Politics (i.e. Research Seminar in Canadian Political Behaviour, The Canadian Democratic Audit, Canadian Identity) POLI 406 – Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Politics

7.4.2. Comparative Politics POLI 420 – Advanced Topics in Comparative Politics POLI 421 – Advanced Topics in Comparative Politics: Non-Western POLI 422 – Selected Problems in Comparative Politics POLI 423 – Issues in Comparative Politics POLI 424 – Chinese Political Thought and Institutions POLI 425 – Communist Movements in Eastern Europe since 1900 POLI 426 – Seminar on Comparative Parties and Party Systems POLI 427 – Issues in Chinese Politics and Development POLI 429 – Seminar in Issues in Gender and Politics

7.4.3. Political Theory POLI 440 – Contemporary Political Theory POLI 441 – Interpretation and Criticism in Political Theory POLI 442 – Contemporary Political Theorists: Analysis of a Selected Theorist POLI 443 – Modern Western Political Thought POLI 445 – Critical Theory: Political Theory and the Problems of Race POLI 446 – Multiculturalism and Identity Politics POLI 448 – Democratic Theory POLI 449 – Topics in Political Theory

7.4.4. International Relations POLI 460 – Foreign Policy Analysis POLI 461 – Peace and Conflict Studies POLI 462 – International Relations Theory POLI 463 – International Interdependence POLI 464 – Problems in International Relations POLI 466 – The Politics of International Law

8. Ausutana

8.1. The Government and International Affairs Department offers courses covering the key fields in the discipline of political science, including American politics, political philosophy, methodology, public administration, law, comparative politics and international relations.

8.2. Courses in government and international affairs are designed to:

8.2.1. provide students with a deeper understanding of political life in the United States, within different countries and among countries;

8.2.2. develop the intellectual tools of inquiry, analysis and critical judgment necessary for

8.2.3. employment in the areas of government, law, journalism, and business and required for advanced graduate study; and

8.2.4. broaden the students’ perspective of civil society and of the rights and obligations of responsible citizenship.

9. Faculty of Political Science (TU)

9.1. The Faculty of Political Science at Thammasat University is a top-ranked institution in the field of political science in Thailand since June 14th, 1949. The following three basic courses for undergraduate and graduate levels are designed in Thai Program:

9.1.1. Politics and Government

9.1.2. Public Administration

9.1.3. International Affairs

9.2. Executive programs in Thai language: well-received in public and private sectors

9.2.1. Master of Political Science Executive Program in Public Administration & Public Affairs (EPA)

9.2.2. Master of Political Science Program in Politics & Government for Executive (MPE)

9.2.3. These courses are offered the full and part-time modules at both Tha Prachan and Rangsit Campuses. Further curricular program and admission.

9.3. International Program

9.3.1. The recognized Politics and Internaitonal Relations fields of Bachelor and Master’s degree programs in International Program are found at Faculty of Political Science, Thammasat University.

9.4. Master of Political Science Program in International Relations (MIR)

9.4.1. The MIR Program is the first established English Program of Thailand in 1997. Thaicitizens and foreign students are fulfilled classes schedule on Saturday and Sunday. Manyalumni and current students are working at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Embassies, Universities, and International Organizations such as ASEAN Secretariat, the United Nations.

9.5. Bachelor of Political Science Program in Politics and International Relations (BIR)

9.5.1. In 2009, the International Program for full-time undergraduate student is established namely in the Combined Bachelor and Master of Political Science Program in Politics and International Relation (BMIR Program). Many alumni are working at various workplaces such as Thai Government, International Organization, International Companies, or business owner. Graduate students are studying at higher educational institutions in Thailand and overseas. Nowadays, the BMIR curriculum design is focused on a Bachelor’s degree for a fouryear graduation. The new full name of the degree is a Bachelor of Political Science Program in Politics and International Relations and the abbreviation name as “BIR Program”. Further the discipline courses of the Politics and Internatonal Relations in Bachelor’s and Master’s degree program, should visit these websites. www.birpolsci.com www.polsci.tu.ac.th/bmir-graduate/

10. Writing Part

10.1. From the Whole parts of Unit 1: Student write the short paragraphs to…

10.1.1. 1. compare the similarity and differences about the subjects they have to be learned in their curriculum

10.1.2. 2. descript themselves what are they interested to learn in their field of Political.